The spine is one of the most important structures in the human body. It supports a large majority of the body’s weight, provides points of attachment for muscles and ligaments, and protects the spinal cord, which carries information from the brain to the rest of the body.
A healthy spine is strong yet flexible, allowing for a wide range of movements. It appears straight if viewed from behind and curved in an “S” shape when viewed from the side. To understand pathologies, let’s first understand what a healthy spine looks like.
The spine is made up of 33 vertebrae and is divided into 5 distinct regions:
Discs are located between the vertebrae. These discs act as shock absorbers to protect the vertebrae and allow spinal rotation and bending. Each disc consists of two parts: